Kyphosis or known also by the term hump, is curvature if the upper back. Small curvature is not pathological, but the case of kyphosis, is when it may take angle of 50 degrees. Kyphosis may be discreet, but also can give the characteristic bent look.
The symptoms of kyphosis include: bent look, moderate back pain, back stiffness and fatigue.
The spine is made up of vertebrae that are connected to each other through strong, fibrous connections (ligaments).
There are several groups of vertebrae, including: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral and coccyx.
Kyphosis is the curvature of the thoracic vertebrae group.
In children and adolescents, the most common types of kyphosis are: Postural kyphosis, kyphosis Sherman’s and congenital (inborn) kyphosis.
In adults, kyphosis occurs due to osteoporosis, degenerative arthritis of the spine, ankylosing spondylitis, tuberculosis, bone cancer.
The treatment of kyphosis depends on the cause for its occurrence, and the signs and symptoms which are present.
Firstly the patient must visit a specialist – orthopedist which then together with specialist – physiatrist will determine whether kyphosis would be treated by orthopedic devices, or if the distortion is greater and causes other problems, will go under surgery.