Asthma is a typical long -haul condition. Coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and breathlessness are some of the symptoms caused by asthma. The seriousness of these manifestations fluctuates from individual to individual. Asthma can be controlled well in the vast majority more often, although some people may have more persistent issues.
Asthma is caused by inflammation of the small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. In the case of asthma the bronchi are inflamed and more sensitive than normal. Asthma is condition which is activated when you come into contact with something that irritates your lungs – known as a trigger – your airways become narrow, the muscles around them tighten, and there is an increase in the production of sticky mucus (phlegm).
Amon the common asthma triggers are: house dust mites, animal fur, pollen, cigarette smoke, exercise, viral infections.
Unfortunately there is no cure for asthma, but there are several treatments which can be very helpful
Treatment is based on two important goals, which are:
- relieving symptoms
- preventing future symptoms and attacks
For the vast majority, this will include the incidental – or, all the more normally, day by day – utilization of prescriptions, typically taken an inhaler.
But also is very crucial the known triggers to be avoided as much as you can.
If you are asthma patient you need a personal asthma action plan agreed with your doctor or nurse that includes information about the medicines you need to take, how to recognize when your symptoms are getting worse, and what steps to take when they do so.