Is one of the most common types often develops in older people to be exact among those older than 50 years. But whatsoever it can occur also as post-injury period or maybe another type of joint condition.
What happens in osteoarthritis?
- Initially it affects the smooth cartilage of the joint and that’s why the movement is more difficult than usual, causing pain and stiffness.
- The cartilage tissue (lining) of the joint can become thinner than it should, and the tissue within the joint can become more active. As a result of this it comes to swelling and formation of bony spurs called osteophytes.
- Another issue is that the cartilage between the bones suffers and gradually erodes, making the bones to rub together. Most affected are those in the: hands, spine, knees and hips.
It appears when the person is between 40 and 50 years old. With this type of illness women are most often affected. There is a difference between rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.
In the case when the body’s immune system targets the affected joints, and next that follows is pain and swelling. The first place that is affected is the outer covering (synovium) of the joint. From here it’s spreading across the joints, causing further swelling and change in the shape of the joint. Often this happens to be the reason for breaking down of the cartilage.
People who are affected with this type of arthritis are more often develop problems with other tissues and organs.
Nutrition is very important part if you are affected with arthritis. We suggest a balanced diet. It is necessary to eat healthy in order to maintain a healthy weight. All groups of food should be consisted in your diet like:
- Fruits and vegetables
- Starchy foods
- Milk and dairy foods