The amount of glucose in the blood is indicated by the blood sugar levels and this is a sugar type that it the main energy source. Glucose is consumed through food and is then distributed throughout the rest of the cells in the body. Hyperglycemia, or high blood (glucose) sugar appears when the body is not able to use the glucose properly (this is type 2 diabetes), or does not have sufficient amounts of it (type 1 diabetes). In case this condition lasts for a longer period of time, then it can damage some body parts permanently, including the eyes, nerves, blood vessels, and kidneys.
Different factors contribute to increased blood sugar levels in diabetics:
- Lack of exercise;
- Missing a dose, or taking the wrong dose of diabetic meds;
- Over-treating an episode of hypoglycemia;
- Illness like common cold;
- Some meds like steroids;
- Over-eating and snacking between the meals.
During the growth sprouts, some children and young adults can experience additional episodes of hyperglycemia.
What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?
If your blood sugar levels are increased it does not mean that you have diabetes, but in some cases, people who have hyperglycemia do not experience the symptoms. These are the most common signs:
- Recurrent infections;
- Dry mouth;
- Having a hard time to concentrate;
- Blurred vision;
- Frequent urination and urination during the night;
- Constant hunger;
- Itchy and dry skin;
- Increased thirst;
- Continuous fatigue or extreme tiredness;
- Stomach issues;
- Slow healing of wounds and cuts;
- Nerve issues;
- Excess fat in the abdomen and weight gain.
How to reduce blood sugar levels with glycemic foods?
The GI, or Glycemic Index indicates the number of carbs in the food that increase the blood sugar levels. It can go from 1 to 100. The ingredients which have high HI index are processed faster than those with low GI index, and the latter will reduce insulin levels. They are great for losing extra weight as well.
These are the foods with their glycemic index:
Those with GI between 0 and 54 are low GI foods, and you can consume them on daily basis.
- 1 egg – 0;
- 1 cup of hummus – 6;
- 1 cup of broccoli – 10;
- 1 middle-sized yellow onion – 10;
- 1 cup of walnuts- 15;
- 1 cup of cherries – 22;
- 1 cup of cashew nuts – 22;
- 1 cup of yogurt – 23;
- 1 Turkey sausage – 28;
- 1 cup of kidney beans – 31;
- 1 cup of butter beans – 34;
- 8 oz. of tomato juice – 38;
- 1 middle-sized apple – 38;
- 1 cup of spaghetti – 42;
- 1 cup of green grapes – 46;
- 8 oz. of pineapple juice – 46;
- 1 large carrot – 47;
- 1 medium0sized orange – 48;
- 1 large grapefruit – 50;
- 1 large banana – 52;
- 1 cup of peas – 54.
Foods with moderate GI index
These foods with GI index between 55 and 6 are considered to be foods with moderate GI index, and thus you need to consume them o=in moderate amounts.
- 1 cup of brown rice – 55;
- 1 tbsp. of raw honey – 55;
- 1 cup of oatmeal – 58;
- 1 cup of white rice – 64;
- 1 serving of macaroni and cheese – 64.
High GI foods
Those are foods above 70 to 100 GI index and should be avoided.
- 1 slice of regular white bread – 70;
- 2 cups of popcorn – 72;
- 1 doughnut (glazed) – 76;
- 1 rice cake – 78;
- 1 mid-sized baked potato – 85;
- 1 serving of corn flakes – 94;
- 50gr of glucose – 100.
Our general health is dramatically affected by our diet, and especially the blood sugar levels. In case you experience the symptoms, you need to make some changes into your diet and maintain a healthy balance.